Have you ever gotten off a plane, looked down at your swollen legs — and become alarmed at their size?
Rest assured. It’s usually not a serious problem if it is time-limited. Swollen ankles, feet and legs are common among travelers—especially older ones. With aging, many people tend to experience leg and foot swelling due to excess fluid buildup in the tissues. “Edema” is the medical term for this condition. Colloquially, some people call them “flight feet.”
Although temporary, swollen legs can be more than unattractive. Depending on the extent of the swelling, you may experience discomfort from the stretching of your skin, or have a tough time getting your shoes back on (if you’ve taken them off during a flight).
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QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ABOUT SWOLLEN ANKLES WHEN FLYING
What causes leg swelling when you’re flying?
The amount of legroom on flights seems to constantly be shrinking. And depending on the placement of your seat and the pattern of turbulence, it can be difficult to get up and stretch, especially on lights-out overnight flights across the ocean.
Being seated in one fixed position in a cramped space for a long period of time causes fluid to leave the blood and move into surrounding tissues.
Is swelling more prevalent with age?
Aging makes many things more complicated, including leg swelling. Older people are prone to experience more significant swelling and tightness after long flights than younger people for a variety of age-related reasons.
For example, their veins don’t circulate blood as well as they used to, and they are more likely to be taking certain prescribed medications (e.g. blood pressure-lowering medications like calcium channel blockers).
What can you do to prevent swollen ankles when flying?
There are a number of common sense ways to prevent or reduce swollen legs and ankles on long flights:
- Maintain a healthy body weight,
- Seek out flights and seats with more legroom, when possible,
- Limit salt intake on the day of and during the flight (I always wonder why airlines offer pretzels and salted peanuts with drinks),
- Keep hydrated and avoid excessive alcohol intake,
- Avoid caffeine intake as well, and while it may seem counterintuitive, try to increase water intake,
- Opt for loose, non-binding clothing, and shoes that easily slip off,
- Wear compression stockings (see below),
- Remove your shoes when it’s safe to do so,
- Avoid keeping your legs crossed for long periods of time,
- Wiggle your toes and move your legs in circles during the flight, and tighten and loosen your leg muscles, and
- Get up, move, and walk up and down the aisle several times during the flight (your bladder will thank you, too).
What do I need to know about compression socks for swollen ankles when flying?
A systematic Cochrane literature review looked at the effects of wearing compression socks on flights of at least four hours duration.
It concluded with high certainty that the use of compression socks had a substantial impact on lowering the incidence of symptomless DVT and lower certainty evidence that it reduced edema of the lower legs.
Healthline describes three different types of compression socks:
- Graduated compression socks, usually prescribed by a healthcare professional
- Nonmedical support hosiery (intended to provide support and improve circulation), widely available in stores and online
- Anti-embolism stockings, also prescribed by a professional, are intended to prevent DVT.
Although compression socks aren’t likely to pose problems for most individuals, wearers do need to be cautious of potential skin problems (burning, chafing, bruising, and broken skin) that can lead to infections and any signs of impaired circulation on a long flight.
Getting them on can be challenging too, but practice makes perfect. Doctors recommend getting used to them by wearing them for a few hours at first and gradually increasing the time you wear them.
Does recent surgery increase the risk of DVTs?
Evidence suggests that long-distance air travel post-surgery (e.g. hip and knee replacements) can increase the risk of blood clots in the legs.
Therefore, it is important for travelers to consult their physician concerning how soon after surgery they can safely fly, and what precautions they should take to minimize the risk of DVT when they do.
In general or orthopedic surgery settings, research on the efficacy of graduated compression socks has been shown to be a literal lifesaver. A meta-analysis of 19 studies involving 1681 individuals, found them effective in lowering the risk of DVT in hospitalized patients. More effectiveness research needs to be conducted on outpatients.
If your legs swell, what can you do afterward?
- If your legs, ankles or feet are swollen after getting off the plane, it’s wise to take off your shoes and elevate your legs (above your heart) to lessen the swelling.
- It also could be useful to soak your legs in lukewarm water, or gently message them, once you get to your destination.
- Try to minimize eating foods with excessive salt until you see the swelling of your ankles and/or legs go down.
Is swelling dangerous?
According to a recent publication from the Mayo Clinic, swelling caused by inactivity during travel (e.g. on planes or long car rides) is usually harmless. However, it is prudent to seek medical attention if you experience any of the following, especially if the swelling is frequent and persistent:
- Swelling that is is red or warm to the touch (this could be a sign of a clot),
- Pain, tenderness or swelling only in one leg (as opposed to both),
- Any chest pain associated with swelling, and
- Swelling that doesn’t dissipate after several hours of activity.
- Mayo Clinic: What causes leg and foot swelling during travel?
- Healthy Advice: Preventing DVT when traveling
- Medline Plus: Foot, leg and ankle swelling
- PubMed: Prevention of edema, flight microangiopathy and venous thrombosis in long flights with elastic stockings
- Medical News Today: What can cause socks to leave marks on legs?
A Mini-Guide to Compression Socks
What To Look For When Buying Compression Socks
- Make sure they offer the correct amount of compression recommended by a health care professional
- Find your correct size to assure a good fit (including calf width); most vendors provide sizing guides
- Choose breathable, moisture-wicking materials
- Read the return policy in case the compression socks don’t fit or aren’t comfortable
- To maintain them at their best, wash in a mesh laundry bag and let them air-dry
- Remove at bedtime and never weak them to sleep
Benefits of Compression Socks
Reduce pain, swelling and inflammation
Help prevent fluids from pooling in the feet and ankles
Promote increased flow toward the heart
Help prevent blood clots and embolisms
Lily Trotter Wide-Calf Compression Socks for Women
The Lily Trotter line of socks comes in a number of great looks and sizes. The idea of designed compression socks may sound like an oxymoron but women no longer have to sacrifice fashion for fitness. These athletic support socks are made with graduated compression measured at 15-20 mmHg.
Hi Clasmix Medical Grade Compression Socks for Men & Women
These knee-highs offer graduated compression at 20-30 mmHg and come in a variety of sizes and colors. With more than 40,000 ratings, they are the best seller on Amazon.
Jobst Unisex Relief Stockings
These medical grade 20-30 mmHg compression socks come with a closed toe style that offer a roomy toe allowant for those who want extra wiggle room. They also come in an open-toe version for even more toe room and in graduated compression at 30-40 mmHg.
Also on MoreTimeToTravel:
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